Details on article
|Author||Harland, J., ; Kinder , K., ; Hartley, K.,|
|Title||Arts in their view. A study of youth participation in the arts.|
Harland, J.; Kinder, K.; Hartley, K. (1995). Arts in their view. A study of youth participation in the arts. Slough (UK): National Foundation for Educational Research.
|Keywords||Youth; Cultural participation; Arts engagement; England; Individual impacts
|Link to article|| https://www.nfer.ac.uk/media/1385/91061.pdf
|Abstract||The study intention was to provide empirical evidence, which could inform future planning and policy-making relating to young people’s engagement with the arts (the first national approach in the UK). The study objectives: assess different patterns and experiences of youth involvement in the arts and examine these in relation to demographic characteristics of young people; identify successful and sustained engagement in the arts and evaluate factors which are perceived to inhibit and facilitate it; analyse young people’s attitudes to youth arts participation; highlight perceived need and opportunities in the arts which remain unfulfilled.
|Metodology||The data for the study was collected through a large-scale interviewing programme in 1993, which involved young people between the ages of 14 and 24 in five regions of England, completing a sample of 700 young people. “Interviewing was selected as the most appropriate data collection method because of its capacity to capture the views and experiences of young people from all walks of life and backgrounds” (Harland, Kinder, and Hartley 1995:16) According to each of the 5 regions a quota sampling was constructed on the basis of key variables. Sample was random approach in schools, colleges, universities, employing organisations, public houses, public transport, street and youth clubs. As, in the end, the sample had a disproportionate distribution of the population as a whole (in some areas), the results presented are based on weighted results. Duration of interviews from 25 minutes to 1h20 minutes. Some interviews were recorded for qualitative analysis. Statistical analysis to treat the interviews. Case studies exposing the stories of arts engagement along the years were constructed for 14 respondents according to interviews results. - Qualitative study
|Findings||Only a quarter of the sample participated in at least one art form. Participation was frequently mentioned in relation with music and visual arts. In contrast, over half of the sample participated in at least one sport in the leisure time. Media-arts audience was the leading leisure activity for females, and sport the highest leisure activity for males. These results provide information on the frequency young people engaged in various activities but do not capture quality of engagement. Half the sample affirmed their leisure activities as creative or imaginative, and 3 out of 5 viewed some aspect of their studies or work in this way. Art was the curriculum area most frequently mentioned as imaginative or creative activity. Painting and drawing was the main area considered to be imaginative and creative. Young people’s leisure interests are influenced by the nature of environments in which they live. Arts activities more engaged by the sample: dance, drawing, photography, music-making, story and poem writing. The greater the number of arts activities young people participated in the less likely to participate in sports and vice-versa. For what the sample considered to get from primary school arts activity were mainly enjoyment and excitement, and personal development attitudes of overcoming shyness, sense of achievement, self-expression For 27% of the sample the general arts involvement have effects on increasing self-esteem, confidence and acquired specific skills. Young people referred to their interests in self-improvement in arts skills as a motive for involvement. Participation in certain arts forms was often reported as having social benefits.
|Technique||Interview; Statistical analysis|