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Id 635
Author Arikan Y., Clark T.N., Noonan D.S., Tolley G.
Title The arts, Bohemian scenes, and income
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Arikan Y., Clark T.N., Noonan D.S., Tolley G.; The arts, Bohemian scenes, and income ;Cultural Trends vol:28 issue: 5.0 page:404.0

Keywords arts; creative placemaking; culture-led regeneration; income growth; local economic development; Neighbourhood revitalization; scenescapes
Link to article https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85075944655&doi=10.1080%2f09548963.2019.1680013&partnerID=40&md5=01c9004443fff595a85a3a6c6c4f6e57
Abstract Where and how does arts activity drive neighbourhood revitalization? We explore the impact of arts establishments on income in US zip codes, nationally and across quantiles (from four to seven subgroups) of zip codes stratified by disadvantage (based on income and ethnicity/race). We focus on what is new here: how neighbourhood scenes or the mixes of amenities mediate relationships between the arts and income. One dramatic finding is that more bohemian/hip neighbourhoods tend to have less income, contradicting the accounts from Jane Jacobs, Richard Florida and others. Arts and bohemia generate opposing effects, which emerge if we study not a few cases like Greenwich Village, but use more careful measures and larger number of cases. Some arts factors that distinctly influence neighbourhood income include the number of arts establishments; type and range of arts establishments; levels of disadvantage in a neighbourhood; and specific pre­ and co­existing neighbourhood amenities. Rock, gospel and house music appeal to distinct audiences. Our discussion connects this vitalizing role for arts activity to broader community development dynamics. These overall results challenge the view that the arts simply follow, not drive, wealth, and suggest that arts-led strategies can foster neighbourhood revitalization across a variety of income, ethnic, and other contexts. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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DOI 10.1080/09548963.2019.1680013
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