Details on article
|Author||Muller-Pinget, S.; Carrard, I.; Ybarra, J.; Golay, A.|
|Title||Dance therapy improves self-body image among obese patients.|
Muller-Pinget, S., Carrard, I., Ybarra, J., & Golay, A. (2012). Dance therapy improves self-body image among obese patients. Patient education and counseling, 89(3), 525-528.
|Keywords||obesity; dance therapy; self-body image
|Link to article|| https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2012.07.008
|Abstract||Obesity and disturbed eating behaviors are both associated with low self-esteem and distorted body images. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of a dance therapy program on the evolution of mental representations linked to body image among obese patients. Changes in body image were evaluated in terms of four parameters: physical, psychological, cognitive, and social.
|Metodology||Patients participated in group workshop sessions for 2 h per week for 36 weeks. During the 36-week program, they worked on posture, mindful walking, tension relaxation, body image, and movement reeducation based on sensory–motor connections and developmental movement therapy. During these workshops, patients learned to evaluate their body image in their daily lives using observation tools. Quantitative variables were expressed as means and standard deviation. Quality of life related to health, body consciousness, and mental representations were assessed on three occasions: at baseline, after 18 weeks, and at the end of the study (36 weeks). Quality of life was assessed using the Impact of Weight on Quality of Life (IWQOL)-Lite measure, a self-administered questionnaire specifically designed for obese patients. This survey specifically highlighted how weight affected the patient’s social and professional life, self-esteem, sexual life, and physical function. Body consciousness and mental representations were evaluated using Laban movement analysis and developmental movement patterns from Cohen. Due to the limited sample size, the evolution of each variable over time was evaluated using Friedman’s test, while comparing the results at three different time-points. The level of statistical significance was set at p
|Findings||Patients are usually reluctant to practice physical activity. Dance therapy improves not only body image, but also psycho-social aspects of their personality. Obese patients enrolled in the DTW displayed a significant improvement in health-related quality of life (p
|Search Database||Researcher knowledge
|Technique||Quantitative variables; IWQOL-Lite Measure; Laban movement analysis; Friedman's test|