Details on article
|Author||Xie, Q.W.; Chan, C.H.Y.; Ji, Q.; Chan, C.L.W.|
|Title||Psychosocial Effects of Parent-Child Book Reading Interventions: A Meta-analysis|
Qian-Wen Xie, Celia H.Y. Chan, Qingying Ji and Cecilia L.W. Chan (2018) Psychosocial Effects of Parent-Child Book Reading Interventions: A Meta-analysis, Pediatrics, 141 (4) e20172675
|Keywords||book reading; parents-child; cognitive development; meta-analysis
|Link to article|| https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2017-2675
|Abstract||Parent-child book reading (PCBR) is effective at improving young children’s language, literacy, brain, and cognitive development. The psychosocial effects of PCBR interventions are unclear. The aim of the study is to systematically review and synthesize the effects of PCBR interventions on psychosocial functioning of children and parents. We searched ERIC, PsycINFO, Medline, Embase, PubMed, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts, Social Services Abstracts, Sociological Abstracts, Family and Society Studies Worldwide, and Social Work Abstracts. We hand searched references of previous literature reviews.
|Metodology||The meta-analysis was reported on the basis of the PRISMA reporting standard. By using a standardized coding scheme, data were extracted regarding sample, intervention, and study characteristics. Studies were identified by a comprehensive literature search through 10 electronic databases, including ERIC, PsycINFO, Medline, Embase, PubMed, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts, Social Services Abstracts, Sociological Abstracts, Family and Society Studies Worldwide, and Social Work Abstracts. Search dates were from the date of inception to June 2017. Search terms comprised the following synonyms: (reading or literacy) and (parent-child or family or home) and (random* or experiment* or RCT)
|Findings||Exploring and assessing psychosocial effects of shared reading between parents and children allow us to extend the implications of PCBR interventions. A large number of family interventions have traditionally targeted behavioral problems of children instead of the interactions or relationships between parents and children. Because of the limited long-term efficacy of an individual-focused approach, more and more scholars have highlighted the importance of relationship-focused interventions. Moreover, psychosocial interventions targeting children have usually required traditional face-to-face therapies, which require intensive resources, especially including professional therapists. The delivery of these interventions has also posed challenges when children return to their families, if their families are not able to assist in the therapy. PCBR programs can improve psychosocial functioning of children through empowering parents, which may be more cost-effective than face-to-face therapies for children alone. In summary, suggested in our meta-analysis findings is that PCBR interventions might positively impact the psychosocial functioning of both parents and children. It seems prudent to consider the application of PCBR in improving the psychosocial well-being of families, especially those at high risk.
|Technique||Literature review; PRISMA reporting standard; Meta-analysis; Randomized controlled trial (RCT) design; Toddler Social and Emotion Assesment; SPSS Statistics; Rosenthal's fail-safe number;|