Details on article
|Author||Rantala E.; Järvelä-Reijonen E.; Pettersson K.; Laine J.; Vartiainen P.; Närväinen J.; Pihlajamäki J.; Poutanen K.; Absetz P.; Karhunen L.
|Title||Sensory Appeal and Routines Beat Health Messages and Visibility Enhancements: Mixed-Methods Analysis of a Choice-Architecture Intervention in a Workplace Cafeteria|
Rantala E.; Järvelä-Reijonen E.; Pettersson K.; Laine J.; Vartiainen P.; Närväinen J.; Pihlajamäki J.; Poutanen K.; Absetz P.; Karhunen L. Sensory Appeal and Routines Beat Health Messages and Visibility Enhancements: Mixed-Methods Analysis of a Choice-Architecture Intervention in a Workplace Cafeteria,Nutrients 14 18
|Keywords||adult; article; clinical article; eating; external validity; eye tracking; female; food intake; health promotion; human; human experiment; interview; male; pretest posttest design; transcription initiation; visibility; visual attention; workplace
|Link to article|| https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85138683478&doi=10.3390%2fnu14183731&partnerID=40&md5=9a8f9c488e6866e961b1d7bfca121e13
|Abstract||Easier recognition and enhanced visibility of healthy options supposedly increase healthy choices, but real-world evidence remains scarce. Addressing this knowledge gap, we promoted nutritionally favourable foods in a workplace cafeteria with three choice-architectural strategies—priming posters, point-of-choice nutrition labels, and improved product placement—and assessed their effects on visual attention, food choices, and food consumption. Additionally, we developed a method for analysing real-world eye-tracking data. The study followed a pretest–posttest design whereby control and intervention condition lasted five days each. We monitored visual attention (i.e., total number and duration of fixations) and food choices with eye tracking, interviewed customers about perceived influences on food choices, and measured cafeteria-level food consumption (g). Individual-level data represents 22 control and 19 intervention participants recruited at the cafeteria entrance. Cafeteria-level data represents food consumption during the trial (556/589 meals sold). Results indicated that the posters and labels captured participants’ visual attention (~13% of fixations on defined areas of interest before food choices), but the intervention had insignificant effects on visual attention to foods, on food choices, and on food consumption. Interviews revealed 17 perceived influences on food choices, the most common being sensory appeal, healthiness, and familiarity. To conclude, the intervention appeared capable of attracting visual attention, yet ineffective in increasing healthier eating. The developed method enabled a rigorous analysis of visual attention and food choices in a natural choice setting. We discuss ways to boost the impact of the intervention on behaviour, considering target groups’ motives. The work contributes with a unique, mixed-methods approach and a real-world setting that enabled a multi-dimensional effects evaluation with high external validity. © 2022 by the authors.