Details on article
|Title||Measuring creativity. Proposal for an index to measure the creativity of cities.|
Maini, L. (2018). Measuring creativity. Proposal for an index to measure the creativity of cities. Brussels: KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business - Campus Brussels.
|Keywords||Creative economy; Creativity; Creativity index; Cultural and creative industries; Cultural and creative policies; Composite indicators
|Link to article|| https://www.academia.edu/41712896/Measuring_Creativity
|Abstract||The academic research on creativity and the creative economy has evolved considerably over the past
twenty years. The critical role of cultural and creative industries (CCIs) in urban socio-economic
development has received increasing recognition. Local actors, cultural practitioners and policy makers
are in need of statistical tools which help assess the level of creativity of their cities. The main purpose
of this work is to confirm the hypothesis that it is possible to provide a numerical estimate of such a
complex and multidimensional concept. Therefore, this study first draws attention to the characteristics
of the creative city. Then, it points out the importance of promoting CCIs policies in cities as key drivers
of socio-economic development and sustainable growth. Finally, after a review of existing creativity
indices, the study attempts to integrate the research on measuring the creativity of cities by proposing
a new composite index. The empirical testing of the proposed index is carried out in the European
capital cities. In the last section, conclusions of the study are drawn, providing interesting insights for
|Metodology||First, the author carries out a literature review of the main concepts related to the notion of creativity – the creative economy, the cultural and creative industries, and the creative city. Then, the author provides a description and a comparison of some of the most important and internationally recognized existing indices that focus on the measurement of creativity at city level. Finally, he proposes a composite index, called Creatindex, which is based upon a pool of indicators and can provide a measure of the creativity of a city.
|Findings||The main result of the thesis is the proposed index, the Creatindex, which is a comprehensive index and encompasses three dimensions - locus, economic drive, and dynamic value - defined by a pool of 24 indicators. Locus addresses the characteristics that are inherent or acquired by a city and that make that place creative, and groups eight indicators that define the cultural and creative environment of a city by measuring its soft and hard infrastructure in terms of culture- and creative-related facilities. Economic Drive includes six indicators that measure the creative economic capacity of a city. They aim at proving the culture and the creative industries as key drivers for local economic growth. Finally, Dynamic Value captures concepts such as openness, tolerance, talent, and diversity, and groups ten indicators.
|Technique||Construction of indicators; Desk research; Statistical analysis|