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|Fakhoury L.; Haddad N.A.
|Protecting the Heritage of Salt: Multidisciplinary Participation and Community Engagement
Fakhoury L.; Haddad N.A. Protecting the Heritage of Salt: Multidisciplinary Participation and Community Engagement,One World Archaeology
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|Several urban planning studies have been undertaken for the city of Salt in Jordan during the last three decades, including at least two proposals for an architectural register. The studies and main implemented projects, funded by the Japan International Corporation Agency (1999–2011) and the World Bank (2007–2010), promoted a predominantly tourism–driven approach and were often based on donor-driven criteria. These interventions tackled face-lifting segments of one or two streets, refurbishment of the main Ain Saha (Spring Square) and establishing a museum. Lesser endeavours dealt with building local capacity, community participatory approaches and the related legal frameworks, including incentives. The objectives of the latest EU-funded Heritage for Development project (2012–2014) was to evaluate and endorse recommendations for declaring the core of Salt an area with special core regulations, based on the updated and long-awaited architectural register, in partnership with the local municipality, and engaging architecture students and young professionals. This chapter summarizes the efforts undertaken by these studies to propose master plans, action plans and the register of Salt city, while focusing on the activation and empowerment of the community to protect the meaning and value of its shared heritage. It discusses some of the main obstacles preventing the implementation of these studies and sheds light on the role of multidisciplinary and community participation, especially as presented in the Heritage for Development project. The level of responsibility held within professional communities conducting the studies will be examined, based on community participation and local empowerment triggers, since they form one of the main pillars for the protection of the architectural and urban heritage. © 2022, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.