Details on article
|Author||Nicholls M.J.; Urada L.A.
|Title||Homelessness and polysubstance use: A qualitative study on recovery and treatment access solutions around an urban library in Southern California, USA|
Nicholls M.J.; Urada L.A. Homelessness and polysubstance use: A qualitative study on recovery and treatment access solutions around an urban library in Southern California, USA,Health and Social Care in the Community 30 1
|Keywords||Adult; Homeless Persons; Housing; Humans; Male; Qualitative Research; Social Problems; Substance-Related Disorders; adult; drug dependence; homeless person; housing; human; male; qualitative research; social problem
|Link to article|| https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85105711878&doi=10.1111%2fhsc.13424&partnerID=40&md5=c8105cf63811d6886d9b7668c1abb742
|Abstract||People experiencing homelessness face many obstacles and barriers when it comes to getting help for their substance use. Recently, there has been an increase in substance use and opioid overdoses at public libraries, which are easily accessible public places for those struggling with homelessness. We aimed to understand this population’s experience with recovery. This has led to an exploration of the intersection of experiencing homelessness and substance use-related problems and its impact on barriers for recovery, along with facilitators to treatment and recovery. From January to June 2019, researchers interviewed 22 library patrons experiencing homelessness and actively using substances at a Southern Californian library in a major metropolitan area. Data were coded and analysed using a thematic analysis. Researchers independently coded text files for data analysis and discussed codes until consensus was reached. Library patrons who reported substance use were a mean age of 39 (range: 22–63); over half were white people (59%) and male (59%); 77% reported currently sleeping on the street; 18% lived in shelters. Themes for barriers to recovery were experiencing withdrawal, access to resources and coping with being homeless. Themes related to facilitators to treatment and recovery were Narcan access and overdose education, connectedness and trauma recovery. People experiencing homelessness are hard to reach and those using substances pose even more vulnerabilities. Many patrons attribute their circumstances to their substance use and disconnectedness to resources and supports to quit. Further research is needed on best practices for multidisciplinary care coordination for this population. © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.