Details on article
|Author||Jones, R.; Hoover, D., R.; Lacroix, L., J.|
|Title||A randomized controlled trial of soap opera videos streamed to smartphones to reduce risk of sexually transmitted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in young urban African American women.|
Jones, R., Hoover, D. R., & Lacroix, L. J. (2013). A randomized controlled trial of soap opera videos streamed to smartphones to reduce risk of sexually transmitted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in young urban African American women. Nursing outlook, 61(4), 205-215.
|Keywords||entertainment education; HIV prevention; HIV risk; intervention research; Randomized control trial; Streaming video
|Link to article|| https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2013.03.006
|Abstract||Background: Love, Sex, and Choices (LSC) is a soap opera video series created to reduce HIV sex risk in women.
Methods: LSC was compared to text messages in a randomized trial in 238 high-risk mostly Black young urban women. 117 received 12-weekly LSC videos, 121 received 12-weekly HIV prevention messages on smartphones. Changes in unprotected sex with high risk partners were compared by mixed models.
Results: Unprotected sex with high risk men significantly declined over 6 months post-intervention for both arms, from 21-22 acts to 5-6 (p
|Metodology||This RCT compared the 12-week LSC soap opera video series with 12 weekly HIV prevention messages; both were delivered to smartphones provided to participants. Data were collected at screening and for those who screened in and were accepted, a short baseline interview followed. Upon completion of the intervention, a 3 month (T2) interview was conducted, and smartphones were returned. Twelve weeks later (at 6 months), a final follow-up interview was conducted (T3).
|Findings||Although the differences between the LSC soap opera video series and the comparison HIV-prevention written messages were not statistically significant here, risk reduction was 18% greater for the video than the comparison treatment. Of importance, among participants receiving the LSC soap opera series, their evaluations indicated it was entertaining, they wanted to continue receiving the video episodes, and they identified with lead characters who model talking about: HIV testing, initiating condom use, and open communication.
|Search Database||Researcher knowledge
|Technique||Descriptive statistics; Wilcoxon tests; Analysis of covariance; Interview; Randomized controlled trial|