Details on article
|Author||Macrì, E.; Limoni, C.
|Title||Artistic activities and psychological well-being perceived by patients with spinal cord injury.|
Macrì, E., & Limoni, C. (2017). Artistic activities and psychological well-being perceived by patients with spinal cord injury. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 54, 1-6.
|Keywords||artistic activities; psychological well-being; spinal cord injury; rehabilitation
|Link to article|| https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aip.2017.02.003
|Abstract||This study aimed to determine whether engaging in artistic activities affected the psychological well-being of patients with spinal cord injuries (SCI). 19 hospital patients with SCI regularly engaged in arts-based activities such as painting, woodworking and working with clay. The psychological general well-being index (PGWBI) was used to measure the subjective well-being of participants during two periods. The first period coincided with the reactivation phase, in which individual physical and psychological health conditions began to improve, allowing them to participate in the activities; the second phase coincided with the pre-discharge period, after the patients carried out the artistic activities. The results showed a statistically significant change of the PGWBI global score from a moderate distress level to the absence of distress, while 4 domains out of the 6 PGWBI domains (general health, vitality, depressed mood and positive well-being) demonstrated a statistically significant change.
|Metodology||The validated Italian version of the PGWBI questionnaire was used to assess the patients’ psychological well-being status before and after therapy. PGWBI domains (subscales) and the global score at the end of therapy were compared pairwise between these time points using the related samples Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Possible correlations between the evolution of psychological and covariates (treatment duration, patients’ age, duration of the assessment phase and duration of hospitalisation) were explored as secondary endpoints using Spearman nonparametric correlation statistics. The significance level was set to α = 0.05 two-tailed. A p-value of 0.05 was considered as significant, and a p-value of 0.10 as a trend. Continuous data are presented as mean ± SD, as well as median values. Categorical data are presented as numbers and percentages. Analyses were performed using the commercially available statistical package SPSS, version 22.0.
|Search Database||Researcher knowledge
|Technique||Questionnaire; Greater Cincinnati Chapter Well-Being Observation Tool; Psychological General Well-Being Index (PGWBI); Wilcoxon test; Spearman nonparametric correlation|