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Id 111
Author Vakkari, P., ; Serola, S.,
Title Perceived outcomes of public libraries
Vakkari P. & Serola, S. (2012). Perceived outcomes of public libraries. Library and Information Science Research, 34 (1): 37-44. Doi: 10.1016/j.lisr.2011.07.005.

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Abstract The outcomes of public libraries as perceived by individuals in the major areas of their lives are analyzed and the benefits as outcome types are systematized. The data are based on a representative sample of 1000 Finnish adults, ranging in age from 15 to 79. The results give a systematic account of the benefits in 22 areas of life that adults derive from using public libraries. These 22 benefits were reduced by factor analysis into three major outcome types: benefits in everyday activities, cultural interests, and career. The association of these outcome types with gender, educational levels, and age is also explored.


Candidate transition variables
Thus, this enhances the validity and reliability of the measures. .
Increased knowledge and relaxation are examples of the benefits the library creates for its users with its outputs. .
Reading a book may increase one's knowledge, or help one relax at the end of the day. .
Activities that help clientele identify interesting reading in fiction in particular, as well as make it more accessible, are likely to improve the major outcomes of public libraries. .
These studies could give a more detailed and comprehensive account of public libraries' role in benefiting people in the major areas of their lives. .
The latter type of research explores to what extent library use in general has benefited people in various aspects of their lives, such as education. .
These studies enrich the account of the social role of public libraries. .
Previous studies have introduced various areas of life in which people derive benefits from library use. .
Libraries seem to be most used for providing a means for literary recreation and experience, and self-development during leisure time. .
By investing in the services significant for these client groups, public libraries could reduce the information gap between well- and less educated people, and in this way advance one of its major goals, providing equal access to information. .
Thus, the younger the respondent, the more they felt they benefited from library services in their cultural interests. .
Career benefits and benefits in cultural activities in particular increase by rising educational levels. .
Therefore, developing lending services, including book collections, especially collections with lending fiction, would be of importance for enhancing the benefits the library's public derives from its services. .
Recreation, esthetic experience, and self-development were the most typical outcomes of public libraries. .
Respondents most frequently perceived benefits from library services for reading fiction and nonfiction, and for self-education. .
Thus, the higher the education, the more benefits were perceived in cultural interests and career produced by public libraries. .