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Id 121
Author Delanaey, L., ; Keaney, E.,
Title Cultural Participation, Social Capital and Civil Renewal in the United Kingdom: Statistical Evidence from National and International Survey Data.
Delanaey, L.; Keaney, E. (2006). Cultural Participation, Social Capital and Civil Renewal in the United Kingdom: Statistical Evidence from National and International Survey Data. London: Institute for Public Policy Research.

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Abstract Although much recent policy discussion on civil renewal and social capital has touched on the relationship between these and cultural participation, this has not been explored in depth. This paper begins to redress this through some initial mapping based on analysis of raw data from existing studies and discussion of the results. We first provide measures of both the extent of cultural participation and the level of social capital in Britain, using individual survey information from a variety of different data sources. Secondly, we compare the level of social capital and cultural participation in Britain with the rest of the EU. Thirdly, we statistically examine linkages between different types of cultural participation and individual measures of social capital. Lastly, we examine the statistical association between levels of cultural participation and of social capital both for individuals and nationally. While making causal inferences from this type of analysis is not recommended, the results provide valuable benchmarking information and will be useful as a background to future research. The results demonstrate substantial correlations between measures of social capital and measures of cultural participation, both at the national level and, within Britain, at the individual level. Further research should examine the use of more detailed statistical methods and programme evaluation techniques to ascertain whether the correlations we observe reflect a causative effect of cultural participation on social capital.


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Individual income has a positive effect on well-being. .
This suggests that there is a prima facia case that the cultural sector has an important role to play in improving the relationship between citizens and the state as well as in building stronger communities, with greater levels of social trust and more involved citizens. .
Promoting membership of these groups may therefore be a useful mechanism for putting the disillusioned or inactive in touch with others who are still active civil participants. .
However this does not mean that cultural organisations and activities do not have the potential to promote civil activity. .
They are also more likely to be more satisfied with life, although this applies only to those who actively participate in cultural organisations as opposed to those who are just members. .
As can be seen, having a college degree makes one substantially more likely to participate in almost all forms of cultural activity. .
The results again point to the importance of education, as well as regional location, in determining participation in different forms of cultural participation. .
For instance, if participation in cultural activities is Dominanted by one particular social group then its beneficial impacts on social capital will disproportionately benefit that group. .
It is also certainly the case that participation in general, and membership of cultural organisations in particular, appear to offer an environment where members are more civil minded. .
It involves local people in identifying and solving the problems that affect their communities, and has three essential ingredients: Active citizens who contribute to the common good Strengthened communities in which people work together to find solutions to problems Partnership in meeting public needs, with government and agencies giving appropriate support and encouraging people to take part in democracy and influence decisions about their communities The typical civil renewal initiative involves at its heart the people who are most affected by an issue in their community. .