Analysis of interlinked descriptions of entities - objects, events, situations or abstract concepts – while also encoding the semantics

Id 929
Author Węziak-Białowolska D.
Title Attendance of cultural events and involvement with the arts—impact evaluation on health and well-being from a Swiss household panel survey

Węziak-Białowolska D.; Attendance of cultural events and involvement with the arts—impact evaluation on health and well-being from a Swiss household panel survey ;Public Health vol:139 issue: page:161

Keywords Causative relationship; Cultural participation and attendance; Engagement with the arts; Health; Longitudinal survey data; Well-being
Link to article
Abstract Objectives Although there is strong uptake of active or passive engagement with the cultural and creative activities as determinants of individual health, well-being and social participation, few population studies report any causal influence on self-reported and physical health or life satisfaction from voluntary engagement with the arts (playing an instrument or singing, painting, sculpture) or passive cultural participation (attending the cinema, theatre, opera and exhibitions). This study set out to investigate any potential derived benefits to the Swiss population. Study design The 2010 and 2013 waves of the Swiss Household Panel study were used for analysis. The data are representative for the Swiss population aged 14 years and older with respect to major demographic variables. Methods Using longitudinal data, the strengths of the two approaches to evaluating causal inference were simultaneously applied: propensity score matching and difference-in-differences. Propensity score matching attempted to eliminate selection bias by conditioning on confounding variables. Difference-in-differences estimator was applied to remove unobserved fixed effects via intra-individual comparisons over time by comparing the trends in a matched treatment and control group. Results The study showed that voluntary cultural activity—of any type, passive or active—did not seem to have any causative influence on health and well-being. Results showed that long-term health and well-being did not improve significantly as a result of any specific activity in the cultural arena. Conclusions The investigation provided little evidence to justify health promotion messages for involvement with the arts. Nevertheless, these findings do not contest that active or passive participation in cultural- and arts-related activities may be beneficial to health and well-being when guided by qualified therapists to treat specific health-related problems. © 2016 The Author(s)



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