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Id 512
Author Horgan D., Dimitrijević B.
Title Frameworks for citizens participation in planning: From conversational to smart tools
Horgan D., Dimitrijević B.; Frameworks for citizens participation in planning: From conversational to smart tools ;Sustainable Cities and Society vol:48.0 issue: page:

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Abstract The paper concentrates on tools and technologies used for participatory processes in sustainable urban planning. Scotlands Place Standard, BREEAM-Communities assessment tool and the Smart City technologies for co-production in urban planning and design are analysed through literature review. Aktivniy Grazhdanin, a citizen engagement portal, established to devolve decision-making on aspects of Moscows urban planning to citizens, provides a case study on the potential use of online tools to solicit citizens’ views on the city management and transformation. Tools were selected as they provide participatory frameworks for developing consensus among decision makers and stakeholders on planning strategy, but use different methods - Scotlands Place Standard initiates a dialogue with interested groups; BREEAM-Communities includes a consultation with stakeholders at a later stage; and Aktivniy Grazhdanin attempts to solicit stakeholders’ views by using online tools. Comprehensive criticism in the research of Kitchin (2014) and Angelidou and Psaltoglou (2017) identified themes around ownership, governance and participation that informed the line of questioning in the case study. The research highlights the strengths and weaknesses of the analysed tools. It recommends how frameworks can be best shaped by such tools to achieve local ownership and provide structure for a more inclusive urban planning. © 2019



Frameworks for citizens participation in planning: From conversational to smart tools. The Place Standard is used comprehensively by Planning Aid Scotland as a bottom-up engagement mechanism in their work with communities regarding local planning issues and extensively in workshops and public charrettes. Viewed alongside digital engagement tools the value of the Place Standard is how it facilitates face-to-face conversations. Hollands refers to the work of Harvey and asks why the Smart City that is being promoted can only be effectively delivered through a corporate vision of smartness in conjunction with an entrepreneurial form of urban governance shining light on the absence in urban sociology of an alternative to the neoliberal city smart or otherwise. alongside those of other academics across the literature review the main questions that persist regarding the Smart City concern relationships between stakeholders - public private and community actors in the pursuit of what Kitchin refers to as smart urbanism that includes: Ownership - Who owns the data proprietary software innovation and strategy within the ecosystem.

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