Details on article
|Title||The evaluation of the social impacts of culture: culture, arts and development|
Azevedo, M. (2016). The evaluation of the social impacts of culture : culture, arts and development. Economics and Finance. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I.
|Keywords||culture; arts; development; impacts; social effects; community
|Link to article|| https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01804118v2
|Abstract||The study is focused in two particular and different cases, where the external factors are determinants to the aim plotted. The first case is about European Capital of Culture 2012 (Guimarães, Portugal), and the increase of tourism with its own dynamics, both positive and negative. The second case is about a program that works in the megacity of Sao Paulo. This case has many external variables like quantity of people, traffic, security and other kind of issues have big incidences in the social and economic environment.
|Metodology||"Consultation of research which has been already produced on the social impact assessment of cultural sector activities covered studies conducted since the beginning of the 90’s and until the present year (2016). These were collected through a search for the terms ‘cultural impact,’ ‘art impact,’ and ‘social impact of the arts/culture.’ Within these coordinates of time and concepts a selection of 46 references was found for the analysis. A critical assessment of each reference was made to produce an outline of the work done so far on key topics."
|Findings||"The literature review analysis proved that studies on social impacts of culture have been more oriented towards understanding the individual extrinsic impacts of engagement in cultural practices rather than its collective capacity. By acknowledging that the tendentiously ignored impacts and mechanisms of collective transformation are those most capable of leading to social and economic development, this research tries to propose a new theoretical framework and empirical approaches to interpret the mechanisms through which culture builds community‐level social impacts. First, a theoretical chain of cultural activities’ community‐level social impacts was proposed, which aligned a set of social capacities based on identified categories of collective level impacts. Second, borrowing analysis models from the field of economics, two case studies were developed to provide new measurement perspectives to meet the methodological challenges of social impact assessment and to identify new mechanisms and drivers of social capacities. This study concludes that culture and the arts can have a strategic function in sustainable community development beyond the expected ability to produce economic externalities. In particular, by inducing a transversal on‐going process of social learning which results in specific social capacities, culture can stimulate a system of networks needed to forge a bottom‐up process of collective action and to sustain cross‐boundary dynamics."