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|Moore R.C., Straus E., Dev S.I., Parish S.M., Sueko S., Eyler L.T.
|Development and pilot randomized control trial of a drama program to enhance well-being among older adults
Moore R.C., Straus E., Dev S.I., Parish S.M., Sueko S., Eyler L.T.; Development and pilot randomized control trial of a drama program to enhance well-being among older adults ;Arts in Psychotherapy vol:52 issue: page:1
|Community engagement; Drama instruction; Positive psychological traits; Randomized controlled trial; Successful aging
|Link to article
|Objective Develop a novel theatre-based program and test its feasibility, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy for improving empathy, compassion and well-being among older adults. Method Thirteen older adults were randomized to a 6-week Drama Workshop (DW) program or time-equivalent Backstage Pass (BP) control condition. Pre- and post-treatment measures included empathy, compassion, and mood scales. Additional post-treatment measures included self-rated change in empathy/compassion, confidence, and affect. Participants also rated their mood/affect after each session. Results The program was successfully completed and well-liked. No pre-to-post-treatment changes in empathy/compassion or mood symptoms were found in either group. Compared to BP, DW weekly ratings indicated higher levels of anxiety and lower happiness; however, the DW program had higher self-ratings of positive change in self-esteem, confidence, and happiness post-treatment. Discussion The DW was not shown to promote empathy/compassion. It was also reported as personally challenging. However, engagement in dramatic exercises and rehearsing and performing a dramatic piece was reported by participants as a positive growth experience, as indicated by the post-treatment ratings of enhanced self-esteem, confidence and happiness. Thus, such a program might be useful for counteracting some of the potential negative aspects of older age, including managing physical limitations and coping with losses. © 2016